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Minorities At Risk Project: Home    

Chronology for Lari in the Rep. of the Congo

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Date(s) Item
Jan 1, 2003 - Feb 2, 2004 During this period, ninjas immobilized a train and looted it. The next day they clashed with an unnamed group in which 13 people were killed, including 7 Ninjas. (“Congo-Brazzaville; DDR Programme Only Partially Completed.” Africa News. 2 Feb. 2004.)
Mar 17, 2003 A Peace Accord is reached between the government and Pasteur Ntumi’s Ninja rebels. (“Le gouvernement congolais rejette des exigences d'un chef rebelled.” Agence France Presse. 1 Mar. 2004.)
Aug 28, 2003 The National Assembly passes a bill that would provide Ninja militants with amnesty for fighting between January 15, 2003 and the day the bill is signed into law. (“Congo-Brazzaville; Chronology 2003.” Africa News. 5 Jan. 2004.)
Dec 30, 2003 - Jan 4, 2004 Reports indicate that the Congolese army is increasing its presence in the Pool region, which the government denies. Conseil national de resistance (CNR) claims they stationed forces outside of Ntumi's house. ("Congo-Brazzaville; Brazzaville Says It Reducing Its Military Presence in Pool.” Africa News. 26 Feb. 2004.)
Jan 25, 2004 The passenger train running between Pointe Noire and Brazzaville recommenced service under armed escort after being interrupted in 2002 when fighting broke out between the Ninjas and government forces. Ninjas, gendarmes and Nsiloulous served as the armed escorts for the train. (“Relance du trafic passagers sur le CFCO après plus d'un an d'interruption. » Agence France Presse. 25 Jan. 2004.)
Feb 26, 2004 The government’s army and police forces, the rail company and the Ninja militia signed an agreement to allow for the safe passage of rail cars through the Pool region. (“Congo-Brazzaville; Accord Signed for Safe Passage of Rail Traffic in Pool.” Africa News. 1 Mar. 2004.)
Mar 9, 2004 Ntumi rebels clashed with government forces, leading to the death of 7 rebels and injury of four soldiers. (“GOVT FORCES, REBELS CLASH IN CONGO.” Panafrican News Agency (PANA) Daily Newswire. 12 Mar. 2004.)
Apr 2004 The government closed all IDP camps in Congo-Brazzaville. (“Proper assessment of IDP needs required.” Norwegian Refugee Council: Global IDP Project. ReliefWeb. [accessed 02/06/08])
May 5, 2004 The government announces a plan to disarm 500 more militiamen in Pool, from which the Ninjas operate. (“Congo government to disarm 500 more militiamen.” Agence France Presse. 5 May 2004.)
Oct 9, 2004 The government announces that the Ninjas are no longer permitted to be part of the country's train escort after accusing them of looting goods from the trains. (“Congo-Brazzaville; Ex-Ninja Rebels, Gendarmes Withdrawn From Train Escort Duties.” Africa News. 11 Oct. 2004.)
Jan 31, 2005 Ntumi holds a ceremony to launch a drive to collect firearms held by members of his Ninja militia in an effort to increase peace in the region. (“Congo-Brazzaville; Ex-Rebel Leader Launches Arms Recovery Drive.” Africa News. 2 Feb. 2005.)
Mar 4, 2005 Ninjas clash with Congolese security forces in Brazzaville. The clash started after police tried to arrest youths thought to be selling drugs. (“New Fighting Between Security Forces and Rebels Threatens Peace in Congolese Capital.” World Markets Analysis. 7 Mar. 2005.)
Mar 15, 2005 The government announces a demobilization, disarmament and reintegration campaign aimed toward reintegrating 450 Ninjas. It is the third of its kind. The plan is also aimed at reintegrating 3,500 soldiers. (“Congo-Brazzaville; Hundreds of Fighters Join New Disarmament Program.” Africa News. 15 Mar. 2005.)
Apr 15, 2005 After a train derailed in the ROC, Ninja rebels robbed passengers at gunpoint and looted goods from the train. Train services were suspended pending the return of stole goods and security in the region. (“Republic of Congo authorities suspend rail service after rebel pillage.” Associated Press Worldstream. 21 Apr. 2005.)
Apr 25, 2005 Ninjas attack a UN aid convoy twice, looting food and medicine. The second attack involved 30 heavily armed fighters, but no injuries were reported. (“UN food convoy attacked and looted in Congo Republic.” Agence France Presse. 25 Apr. 2005.)
Oct 2005 Kolélas, who founded the Ninjas, returned from exile to the ROC for the burial of his wife. ("Country Report: Cong, Republic of (Brazzaville).” Freedom House. 2006. [accessed 02/06/08].)
Oct 13, 2005 The government accuses the Ninjas of having kidnapped two diplomats after fighting with police forces, which led to six deaths. Two police officers, 3 gendarmes and one Chinese national were killed in the fighting. (“Heurts à Brazzaville: deux diplomates otages des miliciens ninjas (gouvernement). » Xinhua News Agency. 14 Oct. 2005.)
Oct 19 - Nov 1, 2005 Ntumi alleges that the government abducted at least 20 suspected Ninja members and executed them after fighting broke out with government forces in which three people died including one soldier. There is not yet confirmation of the organization’s accusations. (Melville, Christopher. “Militia Leader Alleges Arbitrary Arrests, Summary Executions in Congo Capital.” World Markets Analysis. 7 Nov. 2005.)
Dec 9, 2005 Kolelas, founder of the Ninjas militia, issues a formal apology for his role in the 1997 Civil War. (“BERNARD KOLELAS APOLOGISES TO CONGOLESE FOR WRONGDOING.” Panafrican News Agency (PANA) Daily Newswire. 9 Dec. 2005.)
Jan 18, 2006 The Red Cross suspended its activities in Congo-Brazzaville due to threats and insecurity and looting of medical supplies in the southern region of Pool. (“Le CICR suspend ses opérations dans le sud du Congo.” SDA - Service de base français. 18 Jan. 2006.)
Jan 27, 2006 Attacks on Médecins sans frontières ambulances led to the MSF closing its humanitarian program in Pool. The Associaition of Parliamentarians blamed the Ninjas for the attacks. (“MSF SUSPENDS ACTIVITIES IN POOL DUE TO NINJA ATTACKS.” Panafrican News Agency (PANA) Daily Newswire. 27 Jan. 2006.)
Apr 25, 2007 Conseil national de résistance (CNR) and the government sign a power sharing agreement, granting Ntoumi the , which was later changed to councilor at the convention for peace and reconstruction. The deal also called for arms destruction and the reintegration of 250 members of Ntoumi’s militia. (“Conog: Ex-rebels accuse state of reneging on deal.” UN-OCHA Integrated Regional Information networks. Global Security. 14 May 2007. [accessed 02/06/08])


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Information current as of July 16, 2010